Can I go bouldering alone?
Bouldering does not require a climbing partner, so if you cannot find someone to go with, then that is ok. Bouldering required extra people when you do it outdoors, since you will need crash pads and spotters to watch over you while you climb. Indoor bouldering, though, does not require more people as the gyms have types of mattresses that you fall on, and the bouldering walls are usually at a max height of 15 feet (around 5 meters), while some are even shorter.
Besides the technical aspect, though, bouldering, and climbing in general, is a very friendly sport, at least from my own experience and that of many others. Climbers are usually very welcoming and helpful, so even if you go and climb alone, you can meet new people that can help you or that you can climb with. It's a great place to meet new people.
If, on the other hand, you want to climb alone and not be bothered, that is of course also an option.
Yes! Bouldering is one of those sports that you really don't need anyone with you to do it, you can sign up to a climbing gym and just start climbing.
It's a very friendly sport, most climbers are very helpful, open and willing to help others and climb with others, if of course that is what you want, if not then you can always just go and climb on your own.
It does help to climb with others, it helps when you have others to bounce ideas of off, or to learn from, but even if you want to go and climb alone as a hobby, a meditative practice, or what ever the reason, you can just go and do it.
If you are asking about outdoor bouldering, then the answer is no, you will need additional people with you to keep you safe and watch over you as you climb. Climbing gyms are different in this aspect as the routes are usually built much safer than the routes you may find outdoors, they are usually also shorter, so even if you fall, you don't fall from very height up. In gyms, you also fall on climbing mats, which are basically mattresses that soften your fall, whereas with outdoor bouldering you will need to bring enough crash pads to cover the area below you, which can add to the risk if not well-prepared.
Yes, you can go bouldering alone in a climbing gym. Bouldering in climbing gym doesn't require any special safety equipment as the gyms have everything that is needed.
Bouldering outdoors, on the other hand, would require at least one more person for safety reasons. The person would be your spotter, and would be there to help in case anything goes wrong.